k̂at-

    k̂at-
    English meaning: to fight; battle
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “kämpfen”
    Material: O.Ind. śütáyati “haut together, wirft low, base”; śátru- m. “Besieger, fiend”; Gaul. catu- “fight, struggle” in GN Catu-rīx ‘schlachtenkönig”, O.Ir. cath “fight, struggle; Truppe, troop, multitude, crowd”, Welsh cad ds., Corn. cas m. “fight, struggle”; Welsh cadr (*kat-ro-) ‘strong”, O.Bret. cadr, M.Bret. kazr, Bret. kaer “beautiful”; Welsh cadarn ‘strong”, Bret. kadarn “valiant”; in addition also after Loth RC 42, 84 f. Welsh cadw m. “Truppe, troop, multitude, crowd” (*k̂atu̯o-), as Verb “preserve, protect, shield “; O.Brit. Mars Belatu-cadros contains whereas die root k̂ad- “gleam”; O.Ice. hoð f. “fight” (= Gaul. catu-), GN Hǫðr, Goth. MN Theuda-hatha-s, O.E. heaðu-, O.H.G. hadu- “fight, struggle” in names as Hadu-mür, Hedwig; M.H.G. hader “quarrel, fight”; whether man here Slav. k- for k̂- annehmen possibly (compare above S. 181), O.Bulg. kotora, R.C.S. kotera “fight, fight, struggle”; possible wäre citation of Thrac. VN the ΢άτραι, ΢ατρο-κένται; daß in Gk. σατίνη “Luxuswagen”, σάτιλλα πλειὰς τὸ ἄστρον, die as Phryg. words with Arm. sayl “ cart “ (Arm.-Phryg. *satili̯a) interrelate, die meaning of “ chariot “ die original sei, is unerweisbar.
    References: WP. I 339, 340, Vendryes RC. 43, 246, M. Leumann Hermes 68, 359.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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